H. Kit Miyamoto and Douglas Taylor
ASCE Conf. Proc. 103, 116 (2000)
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The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of Fluid Viscous Dampers (FVD) when used to control blast loading responses on lateral load resisting frames. In particular, this paper addresses the following issues: 1) Development of a blast loading time history for a 3,000 pound TNT blast, 2) Blast effects and performance comparisons of a conventional special moment resisting frame (SMRF), SMRF with FVD, and a conventional shear wall building. Nonlinear dynamic force history analyses were conducted on three different types of structures: 1) Conventional SMRF, 2) SMRF with FVD, and 3) Conventional concrete shear wall. The lateral load resisting frames of these structures were designed to conform to the 1994 Uniform Building Code, Zone 4 criteria. Nonlinear computer models with and without FVD were subjected to a dynamic blast loading from 3,000 pounds of TNT at 100, 40, and 20‐foot standoff distances. Nonlinear analyses indicated that structures with FVD provided a cost effective way to control displacement and plastic hinge rotation of lateral load resisting frames under blast loading.